United States Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) has made the announcement regarding completing the cap selection of H-1B visas as per the mandate of the Congress for 2020. In the future, the agency will contact the selected persons. Totally it will issue 65,000 visas through the regular cap and 20,000 visas through the cap to the holders of an advanced degree.
USCIS began to accept petitions On April 1st, 2019, to meet the target of H-1B visas for the FY 2020. In a matter of only 5 days, the government managed to receive 201,011 petitions. These petitions are enough for filling up the 2020 quota through the computerized selection process. The selected persons will get a receipt signifying their selection. Additionally, the persons who were not selected signify their file rejection. Their filing fees will be returned. Moreover, these quotas will run from Oct 2019 to Sep 2020.
US Immigration versus Canadian Immigration
The Express Entry
is the Canadian immigration
system to accept economic immigrants. It will accept 200,000 new immigrants in 2019, by using the various economic pathways. Unlike the system in the US, skilled workers do not require an Employment Offer to seek immigration. There are differences in the immigration process for skilled workers between the US and Canada.
Temporary versus Permanent status
The US H-1B visa gives temporary authorization to work to the skilled workers and there is an involvement of a single employer here. In the case of visa expiry or when a worker intends to change employers, they need to submit a fresh application to USCIS.
When candidates apply for Canadian immigration using the Express Entry, they get PR Status. This allows them to remain in the country permanently. Additionally, the law permits the permanent residents to not be tied legally to a single employer/location. Finally, the PRs have a right to live/work at any place.
Randomized selection versus Competitive selection
USCIS has a random computerized system for selecting the H-1B candidates for visas subject to the cap. Everyone in the pool has an equal opportunity for success. In Canada, The Express Entry system uses a System based on points for ranking the candidates. The factors are proficiency in language, age, work experience, education, and other factors. The draw selects competitive profiles once every two weeks. All candidates having competitive credentials are selected through the Express Entry.
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